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Health

Types Of Diabetes: Symptoms, Risks and Causes

Diabetes is a long-term illness that impacts how your body transforms food into energy. After you consume food, your body breaks it down into sugar (glucose), which is then released into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar levels increase, your pancreas releases insulin to assist your cells in absorbing the glucose and converting it into energy. In this day and age, there are several diabetes types that must be addressed.

However, individuals with diabetes either do not produce enough insulin or their bodies do not use it properly, resulting in excess glucose remaining in the bloodstream. If left untreated, high blood sugar levels can cause damage to various organs in the body, including the kidneys, nerves, and eyes, thereby massively increasing the diabetes risk there is.

Fortunately, by educating yourself about diabetes, taking preventative measures, and visiting a super speciality hospital in Lucknow, you can help maintain your health and manage the condition.

Symptom:

Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the body’s ability to convert food into energy. When food is digested, it is broken down into glucose, which is then released into the bloodstream. The pancreas releases insulin to help cells absorb glucose and convert it into energy. However, people with diabetes types either do not produce enough insulin or their bodies do not use it properly, leading to high levels of glucose in the bloodstream.

Left untreated, high blood sugar levels can damage organs in the body. It is crucial to understand diabetes causes and symptoms and take steps to manage the condition. Some common symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst, feeling weak and exhausted, blurry vision, tingling or numbness in the hands or feet, slow-healing wounds or sores, unexpected weight loss, frequent urination, frequent infections without a known cause, and a dry mouth.

Types and Causes:

There are different diabetes types with distinct diabetes causes, including:

  1. Type 1: An autoimmune condition where the immune system kills insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. The cause is unknown.
  2. Type 2: Develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin, causing blood sugar levels to rise. It accounts for 90% to 95% of cases and is the most common type.
  3. Type 1.5: Also known as Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA), it develops slowly during adulthood, similar to type 2. However, LADA is an autoimmune disease that cannot be controlled by lifestyle changes.
  4. Gestational: High blood sugar during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes. It is caused by substances secreted by the placenta that block insulin.

Risk:

Some of the complications associated with diabetes include stroke, heart attack, and heart disease, neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, vision loss, hearing loss, foot damage which may lead to bacterial and fungal infections, slow-healing wounds, and sores, depression, dementia, and pregnancy-related diabetes.

Untreated gestational diabetes risk can cause problems for both the mother and the unborn baby. The baby may be at risk of premature birth, higher-than-average birth weight, low blood sugar, jaundice, and stillbirth. Additionally, the baby may have a higher lifetime risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Prevention:

The following healthy lifestyle practices will help you improve these modifiable diabetes risk factors and lower your risk of developing diabetes:

  • Consume a nutritious diet.
  • Get some exercise.
  • Work to reach a healthy weight.
  • Reduce your stress.
  • Consume alcohol in moderation.
  • Have a good night’s sleep.
  • Quit smoking.

How is it diagnosed:

Diabetes types are diagnosed and managed by measuring your blood glucose level through various tests.

There are three common tests used to measure blood glucose levels:

  • The fasting plasma glucose test
  • The random plasma glucose test
  • The A1c test

The fasting plasma glucose test requires an eight-hour fast and is typically done in the morning.

The random plasma glucose test can be performed at any time without fasting. The A1c test determines your average blood glucose level over the past two to three months, and it doesn’t require fasting.

The oral glucose tolerance test is another method where your blood glucose levels are tested after an overnight fast, followed by a sweet beverage, and then measured at one-, two-, and three-hour intervals. For gestational diabetes, two blood glucose tests are performed. For Type 1 diabetes, blood and urine samples are taken and examined for autoantibodies and ketones.

Treatment and management:

There are multiple treatments available to manage healthy blood sugar levels for diabetic patients. Medications approved by the Food and Drug Administration include over 40 drugs, categorized by mode of action, such as Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, and sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors, or by composition, such as Sulfonylureas, meglitinides, and biguanides.

Insulin can be administered in several ways, including through a needle and syringe, an insulin pen, an insulin pump, an artificial pancreas, an inhaler, an injection port, or a jet injector. In some cases, surgeries and transplants, such as pancreas transplants and pancreatic islet transplants, may be necessary. Bariatric surgery can also indirectly address diabetes in type 2 diabetic patients with a BMI above 35. These diabetes causes must be addressed in a prompt manner.

When to contact a doctor:

If you have any signs of diabetes but have not yet received a diagnosis, you should consult a healthcare professional to address the diabetes risks there are. If you currently have diabetes, you should get in touch with your doctor if your blood glucose levels are above or below the recommended range.

Conclusion:

Diabetes is a metabolic condition that can create many complications if not kept in check. You have a lot of options for preventing the onset of diabetes (except Type 1 diabetes). Visit your healthcare physician at a super speciality hospital in Lucknow, however, if you or your child or teen have diabetic symptoms. Diabetes types can be treated and managed more quickly if it is discovered and treated at an early stage. Your chances of living a long, healthy life increase with how well you can control your blood sugar level.

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