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Health

Guide to Thyroid Specialists’ Roles & Thyroid Conditions

The thyroid gland located in the neck plays an essential role in regulating metabolism, growth, and various body functions. When this gland is not functioning properly, it can lead to potentially serious health conditions. This is where thyroid specialists in Singapore provide critical expertise in diagnosing and treating thyroid disorders.

What Does a Thyroid Specialist Do?

Also known as an endocrinologist, a thyroid specialist is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases related to hormone-secreting glands like the thyroid. Some of the key functions of a thyroid specialist include:

– Conducting physical examinations of the thyroid gland for abnormalities like swelling, nodules or inflammation. They will check for symptoms like enlarged neck, bulging eyes, weight changes, etc.

– Ordering and analyzing diagnostic tests related to thyroid function. These may include blood tests, biopsies, thyroid scans, thyroid ultrasounds, etc.

– Prescribing medications and hormones like levothyroxine to restore thyroid function for hypothyroidism conditions.

– Monitoring thyroid hormone levels through ongoing testing to ensure optimal levels are maintained.

– Providing radioactive iodine therapy for hyperthyroidism conditions to shrink overactive thyroid tissue.

– Performing thyroid surgeries or fine needle aspiration biopsies if required for diagnosis.

– Educating patients on lifestyle adjustments for better thyroid health, dietary recommendations, treatment plans, and medication management.

By specializing in thyroid disorders, these specialists are best equipped to accurately diagnose the cause of thyroid problems and provide the right treatment.

Common Thyroid Diseases and Conditions

Thyroid disorders can range from mild to severe in symptoms and impact. Here are some common thyroid diseases that specialists in Singapore treat:

– Thyroid cancer – Cancerous thyroid nodules which require surgery, radiation therapy, etc.

– Hypothyroidism – When the thyroid is underactive and unable to produce enough hormones. Can cause fatigue, weight gain, hair loss.

– Hyperthyroidism – When the thyroid is overactive and overproduces hormones. Can cause sudden weight loss, rapid heart rate, restlessness.

– Hashimoto’s disease – An autoimmune disorder causing chronic inflammation of the thyroid.

– Goiter – Enlargement of the thyroid gland forming a swelling at the front of the neck.

– Thyroid nodules – Lumps that develop on the thyroid which may require biopsy.

– Grave’s disease – An autoimmune disorder leading to hyperthyroidism and swelling of thyroid behind the eyes.

Consulting a thyroid specialist in Singapore is important to get an accurate diagnosis if you are experiencing thyroid-related symptoms that impact your daily life. With the right treatment plan, thyroid disorders can be effectively managed.

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